The ergonomist : what role ?

Ergonomics in the literal sense means «The rules applied at work». In the broad sense, ergonomics is defined as « the science which studies the interactions between man and his environment and which strives to improve them ».
Ergonomics is multidisciplinary and requires knowledge from different backgrounds such as psychology, biomechanics, physiology or sociology.
To better understand, we can compare it to ergotherapy.
The occupational therapist works around everyday situations. Ergotherapy is centered on man and his health, it is regulated by the public health code. People benefit from occupational therapy with medical prescription.
The ergonomist focuses on work situations. The role of the ergonomist is to adapt the work environment to humans, to participate in the preservation of health and to improve the overall performance of the organization by taking all dimensions of work situation into consideration
The main missions of the ergonomist are to: l’ergonome sont donc :
  • Analyze work situations,
  • Identify the determinants of activity that may be factors in the appearance if musculoskeletal disorders,
  • Recommend solutions and implement them within an organization,
  • Lead working groups,
  • Carry out a participative approach to promote acceptability,
  • Measure the impact of its intervention on employees and the organization,
  • Follow a project, from start to finish, and support companies.
What are the advantages of the intervention of an ergonomist?
  • The ergonomist's observations help him analyze the chosen activity and anticipate the feasibility of your project
  • The systemic approach allows him to carry out global observations to take into account all the determinants of the activity which can be cognitive, physical, psychosocial, organizational, individual, ...
  • The ergonomic diagnosis allows him to transcribe his observations into an exact description of the activities chosen and recommendations for improvement
  • Its creative force and its culture resulting from various projects carried out, in coherence with its diagnosis, at the level of possible solutions
  • His capacity to make the project acceptable for your employees. Throughout the project, the ergonomist will implement many iteration and simulation steps that will allow him to continuously improve the chosen solution according to user's need and perceptions. At the end of the project, physiological evaluations are carried out to ensure that the solutions implemented do not have a negative impact on the user or the organization (pain, fatigue, significant changes in work activity, disorganization of teams, loss of productivity, ...).